SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported): February 18, 2021
ELLINGTON FINANCIAL INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
(State or other jurisdiction
|(Commission File Number)||(IRS Employer Identification No.)|
53 Forest Avenue
Old Greenwich, CT 06870
(Address and zip code of principal executive offices)
Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (203) 698-1200
(Former Name or Address, if Changed Since Last Report)
Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:
|☐||Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)|
|☐||Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)|
|☐||Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))|
|☐||Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))|
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
|Title of Each Class||Trading Symbol(s)||Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered|
Common Stock, $0.001 par value per share
|The New York Stock Exchange|
6.750% Series A Fixed-to-Floating Rate Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock
EFC PR A
The New York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§ 230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§ 240.12b-2 of this chapter).
Emerging growth company ☐
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
|Item 2.02.||Results of Operations and Financial Condition.|
The information in this Item 2.02 and the disclosure incorporated by reference in Item 7.01 with respect to Exhibit 99.1 attached to this Current Report on Form 8-K are being furnished by Ellington Financial Inc. (the "Company") pursuant to Item 7.01 of Form 8-K in satisfaction of the public disclosure requirements of Regulation FD and Item 2.02 of Form 8-K, insofar as they disclose historical information regarding the Company's results of operations or financial condition for the quarter ended December 31, 2020.
On February 18, 2021, the Company issued a press release announcing its financial results for the quarter ended December 31, 2020. A copy of the press release is furnished herewith as Exhibit 99.1 to this Current Report on Form 8-K and is incorporated herein by reference.
In accordance with General Instructions B.2 and B.6 of Form 8-K, the information included in Item 2.02 and the disclosure incorporated by reference in Item 7.01 shall not be deemed "filed" for the purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"), or otherwise subject to the liabilities of that section, nor shall it be deemed incorporated by reference into any filing made by the Company under the Exchange Act or the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, except as shall be expressly set forth by specific reference in such a filing.
|Item 7.01.||Regulation FD Disclosure.|
The disclosure contained in Items 2.02 is incorporated herein by reference.
|Item 9.01.||Financial Statements and Exhibits.|
(d) Exhibits. The following exhibits are being furnished herewith this Current Report on Form 8-K.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
| || || ||ELLINGTON FINANCIAL INC.|
|Date: ||February 18, 2021|| ||By:|| ||/s/ JR Herlihy|
| || || ||JR Herlihy|
| || || ||Chief Financial Officer|
Ellington Financial Inc. Reports Fourth Quarter 2020 Results
OLD GREENWICH, Connecticut—February 18, 2021
Ellington Financial Inc. (NYSE: EFC) (the "Company") today reported financial results for the quarter ended December 31, 2020.
•Net income of $63.2 million, or $1.44 per common share; full year 2020 net income of $17.2 million, or $0.39 per common share.
•Core Earnings1 of $16.0 million, or $0.37 per share.
•Book value per common share as of December 31, 2020 of $17.59, including the effects of dividends of $0.29 per common share for the quarter.
•Credit strategy gross income of $75.0 million for the quarter, or $1.69 per share.
•Agency strategy gross income of $6.3 million for the quarter, or $0.13 per share.
•Dividend yield of 7.5% based on the February 17, 2021 closing stock price of $15.92 per share, and dividend of $0.10 per common share declared on February 5, 2021.
•Debt-to-equity ratio of 2.6:1 and recourse debt-to-equity ratio of 1.6:12 as of December 31, 2020.
•Cash and cash equivalents of $111.6 million as of December 31, 2020, in addition to other unencumbered assets of $442.5 million.
Fourth Quarter 2020 Results
"Ellington Financial fired on all cylinders in the fourth quarter, with broad-based contributions across our diversified credit and Agency portfolios. EFC generated Core Earnings of $0.37 per share, and a non-annualized quarterly economic return of 8.7% for the quarter," said Laurence Penn, Chief Executive Officer and President. "The fourth quarter's strong results brought our economic return and net income positive for the full year, despite the extreme volatility encountered earlier in the year. I am extremely proud of this result, which I believe confirms yet again the importance and effectiveness of our risk and liquidity management. Notably, EFC is one of the only publicly traded hybrid mortgage REITs to post a profit in 2020.
"During the fourth quarter, our loan origination businesses again led the way. In the non-QM space, our affiliate LendSure had a record quarter for origination volume, and our affiliate Longbridge concluded an outstanding year in the reverse mortgage space. We also closed on our second non-QM securitization of the year, and we securitized a pool of our unsecured consumer loans. We had strong performance across our short-duration loan portfolios, particularly residential transition mortgage loans, consumer loans, and small-balance commercial mortgage loans. In addition, our credit securities performed very well, most notably CLOs, CMBS, non-Agency RMBS, and European RMBS, as prices continued to recover from the March selloff. Finally, our Agency portfolio delivered another quarter of excellent results.
"Moving into 2021, our focus continues to be on growing our proprietary loan origination businesses, including potentially adding more strategic equity investments and loan flow purchase agreements. We will also continue to be opportunistic in our securities strategies, and plan to continue to extend and diversify our financings. We still hold ample liquidity and employ low leverage, which means that we have plenty of dry powder to add assets and grow earnings. As always, our disciplined hedging and risk management should continue to be critical in protecting book value, as we tackle the challenges and opportunities of the year ahead."
1 Core Earnings is a non-GAAP financial measure. See "Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to Core Earnings" below for an explanation regarding the calculation of Core Earnings.
2 Excludes repo borrowings at certain unconsolidated entities that are recourse to us. Including such borrowings, the Company's debt-to-equity ratio based on total recourse borrowings was 1.6:1 as of December 31, 2020.
The Company's total long credit portfolio3 increased by approximately 2% in the fourth quarter, to $1.434 billion from $1.405 billion. The quarter-over-quarter increase was driven by larger non-QM and residential transition loan acquisitions, which more than offset significant pay-offs on the Company's small balance commercial mortgage loan and consumer loan portfolios, as well as the completion of two loan securitizations during the quarter. In addition, the Company's total long Agency RMBS portfolio increased approximately 4% to $959.4 million as of December 31, 2020, from $919.9 million as of September 30, 2020.
The Company's debt-to-equity ratio decreased to 2.6:1 as of December 31, 2020, as compared to 2.7:1 as of September 30, 2020, primarily as a result of the completion during the quarter of a consumer loan securitization, which the Company did not consolidate, as well as an increase in the Company's total equity. The Company's recourse debt-to-equity ratio, adjusted for unsettled purchases and sales, also decreased over the course of the quarter to 1.6:1 from 1.7:1, driven by the increase in the Company's total equity. As of December 31, 2020, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $111.6 million, along with other unencumbered assets of $442.5 million.
During the fourth quarter, the Company's credit strategy generated total gross income of $75.0 million, or $1.69 per share, and its Agency strategy generated total gross income of $6.3 million, or $0.13 per share.
The Company's credit portfolio generated excellent results for the quarter, driven by strong net interest income4 and significant mark-to-market gains across the portfolio. The Company benefited from strong performance in all of its credit strategies, as prices and liquidity continued to improve following the substantial market selloff earlier in the year. The Company also had notable strong performance from its equity investments in mortgage originators. Finally, with credit spreads tightening across most asset classes, credit hedges were the sole detractor of results during the quarter.
The Company's Agency strategy delivered another quarter of strong performance, as Agency RMBS yield spreads tightened significantly. The primary drivers of these results were strong net interest income on the Company's Agency RMBS investments, net realized and unrealized gains on its long TBA holdings, driven by Federal Reserve purchasing activity, and net realized and unrealized gains on interest rate hedges as long-term interest rates rose. A portion of this income was offset by net realized and unrealized losses on the Company's Agency RMBS investments, driven largely by elevated prepayment activity. Average pay-ups on the Company's specified pools declined to 2.05% as of December 31, 2020, from 2.25% as of September 30, 2020, primarily because its new purchases during the quarter consisted mainly of lower-pay-up pools. Pay-ups are price premiums for specified pools relative to their TBA counterparts.
During the fourth quarter the Company continued to hedge interest rate risk, primarily through the use of interest rate swaps, and to a lesser extent through the use of short positions in TBAs, U.S. Treasury securities, and futures. In addition, the Company continued to hold a portfolio of long TBAs for investment during the quarter.
3 Includes REO at the lower of cost or fair value. Excludes hedges and other derivative positions, as well as tranches of the Company's consolidated non-QM securitization trusts that were sold to third parties, but that are consolidated for U.S. GAAP reporting purposes. Including such tranches, the Company's total long credit portfolio was $2.173 billion and $2.095 billion, as of December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2020, respectively.
4 Excludes any interest income and interest expense items from Interest rate hedges, net and Credit hedges and other activities, net.
The following table summarizes the Company's investment portfolio(1) holdings as of December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2020:
|(In thousands)||December 31, 2020||September 30, 2020|
|$||181,229 ||$||165,954 |
|CMBS||117,652 ||105,015 |
Commercial Mortgage Loans and REO(3)(4)
|269,287 ||304,698 |
Consumer Loans and ABS backed by Consumer Loans(2)
|112,077 ||200,857 |
|Corporate Debt and Equity and Corporate Loans||12,606 ||10,257 |
|Equity Investments in Loan Origination Entities||79,536 ||57,009 |
|Non-Agency RMBS||154,492 ||166,787 |
Residential Mortgage Loans and REO(3)
|1,188,731 ||1,033,481 |
|6,108 ||2,693 |
|Consumer Loans and ABS backed by Consumer Loans||306 ||333 |
|Corporate Debt and Equity||28 ||27 |
|51,388 ||47,663 |
|Fixed-Rate Specified Pools||807,704 ||756,580 |
|Floating-Rate Specified Pools||6,454 ||7,046 |
|IOs||47,656 ||51,705 |
|Reverse Mortgage Pools||97,629 ||104,524 |
|Total Long||$||3,132,883 ||$||3,014,629 |
|Corporate Debt and Equity||$||(218)||$||(461)|
|Dollar Denominated||— ||(14,310)|
(1)This information does not include financial derivatives.
(2)Includes equity investments in securitization-related vehicles.
(3)In accordance with U.S. GAAP, REO is not considered a financial instrument and as a result is included at the lower of cost or fair value.
(4)Includes equity investments in unconsolidated entities holding small balance commercial mortgage loans and REO.
(5)Includes an equity investment in an unconsolidated entity holding European RMBS.
The following table summarizes the Company's operating results for the three-month periods ended December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2020 and the year ended December 31, 2020:
|Three-Month Period Ended |
December 31, 2020
|Per Share||Three-Month Period Ended |
September 30, 2020
|Per Share||Year Ended |
December 31, 2020
|(In thousands, except per share amounts)|
Interest income and other income(1)
|$||34,089 ||$||0.77 ||$||37,764 ||$||0.85 ||$||150,266 ||$||3.41 |
|Realized gain (loss), net||(3,984)||(0.09)||(645)||(0.01)||(14,458)||(0.33)|
|Unrealized gain (loss), net||41,270 ||0.93 ||26,802 ||0.60 ||(44,322)||(1.00)|
Interest rate hedges, net(2)
|18 ||— ||(21)||— ||(7,938)||(0.18)|
Credit hedges and other activities, net(3)
|Other investment related expenses||(5,337)||(0.12)||(3,578)||(0.08)||(18,144)||(0.41)|
Earnings (losses) from investments in unconsolidated entities
|27,344 ||0.62 ||11,443 ||0.26 ||37,933 ||0.86 |
Total Credit profit (loss)
|75,021 ||1.69 ||51,955 ||1.17 ||53,825 ||1.23 |
|Interest income||5,896 ||0.13 ||6,663 ||0.15 ||28,011 ||0.63 |
|Realized gain (loss), net||166 ||— ||2,062 ||0.05 ||12,695 ||0.29 |
|Unrealized gain (loss), net||(1,678)||(0.04)||(2,276)||(0.05)||18,081 ||0.41 |
Interest rate hedges and other activities, net(2)
|2,801 ||0.06 ||1,748 ||0.04 ||(33,672)||(0.76)|
|Total Agency RMBS profit (loss)||6,331 ||0.13 ||7,140 ||0.17 ||12,285 ||0.28 |
Total Credit and Agency RMBS profit (loss)
|81,352 ||1.82 ||59,095 ||1.34 ||66,110 ||1.51 |
|Other interest income (expense), net||(29)||— ||1 ||— ||338 ||0.01 |
|Income tax (expense) benefit||(7,888)||(0.18)||(2,494)||(0.06)||(11,377)||(0.26)|
Net income (loss) (before incentive fee)
|66,578 ||1.49 ||49,702 ||1.12 ||28,377 ||0.65 |
|Incentive fee||— ||— ||— ||— ||— ||— |
Net income (loss)
|$||66,578 ||$||1.49 ||$||49,702 ||$||1.12 ||$||28,377 ||$||0.65 |
Less: Dividends on preferred stock
|1,941 ||0.04 ||1,940 ||0.04 ||7,763 ||0.18 |
Less: Net income (loss) attributable to non-participating non-controlling interests
|562 ||0.01 ||912 ||0.02 ||3,372 ||0.08 |
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders and participating non-controlling interests
|64,075 ||1.44 ||46,850 ||1.06 ||17,242 ||0.39 |
Less: Net income (loss) attributable to participating non-controlling interests
|913 ||647 ||(3)|
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders
|$||63,162 ||$||1.44 ||$||46,203 ||$||1.06 ||$||17,245 ||$||0.39 |
Weighted average shares of common stock and convertible units(5) outstanding
|44,415 ||44,392 ||44,122 |
Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding
|43,782 ||43,779 ||43,486 |
(1)Other income primarily consists of rental income on real estate owned and loan origination fees.
(2)Includes U.S. Treasury securities, if applicable.
(3)Other activities include certain equity and other trading strategies and related hedges, and net realized and unrealized gains (losses) on foreign currency.
(4)Includes allocable portion of interest expense on the Company's Senior notes.
(5)Convertible units include Operating Partnership units attributable to participating non-controlling interests.
About Ellington Financial
Ellington Financial invests in a diverse array of financial assets, including residential and commercial mortgage loans, residential and commercial mortgage-backed securities, consumer loans and asset-backed securities backed by consumer loans, collateralized loan obligations, non-mortgage and mortgage-related derivatives, equity investments in loan origination companies, and other strategic investments. Ellington Financial is externally managed and advised by Ellington Financial Management LLC, an affiliate of Ellington Management Group, L.L.C.
The Company will host a conference call at 11:00 a.m. Eastern Time on Friday, February 19, 2021, to discuss its financial results for the quarter ended December 31, 2020. To participate in the event by telephone, please dial (877) 241-1233 at least 10 minutes prior to the start time and reference the conference ID number 9333979. International callers should dial (810) 740-4657 and reference the same conference ID number. The conference call will also be webcast live over the Internet and can be accessed via the "For Our Shareholders" section of the Company's web site at www.ellingtonfinancial.com. To listen to the live webcast, please visit www.ellingtonfinancial.com at least 15 minutes prior to the start of the call to register, download, and install necessary audio software. In connection with the release of these financial results, the Company also posted an investor presentation, that will accompany the conference call, on its website at www.ellingtonfinancial.com under "For Our Shareholders—Presentations."
A dial-in replay of the conference call will be available on Friday, February 19, 2021, at approximately 2:15 p.m. Eastern Time through Friday, March 5, 2021 at approximately 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time. To access this replay, please dial (800) 585-8367 and enter the conference ID number 9333979. International callers should dial (404) 537-3406 and enter the same conference ID number. A replay of the conference call will also be archived on the Company's web site at www.ellingtonfinancial.com.
Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements involve numerous risks and uncertainties. Actual results may differ from the Company's beliefs, expectations, estimates, and projections and, consequently, you should not rely on these forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. Forward-looking statements are not historical in nature and can be identified by words such as "believe," "expect," "anticipate," "estimate," "project," "plan," "continue," "intend," "should," "would," "could," "goal," "objective," "will," "may," "seek," or similar expressions or their negative forms, or by references to strategy, plans, or intentions. Examples of forward-looking statements in this press release include without limitation management's beliefs regarding the current economic and investment environment and the Company's ability to implement its investment and hedging strategies, performance of the Company's investment and hedging strategies, the Company's exposure to prepayment risk in its Agency portfolio, and statements regarding the drivers of the Company's returns. The Company's results can fluctuate from month to month and from quarter to quarter depending on a variety of factors, some of which are beyond the Company's control and/or are difficult to predict, including, without limitation, changes in interest rates and the market value of the Company's securities, changes in mortgage default rates and prepayment rates, the Company's ability to borrow to finance its assets, changes in government regulations affecting the Company's business, the Company's ability to maintain its exclusion from registration under the Investment Company Act of 1940; the Company's ability to qualify and maintain its qualification as a real estate investment trust, or "REIT"; and other changes in market conditions and economic trends, including changes resulting from the ongoing spread and economic effects of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, and associated responses to the pandemic. Furthermore, forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties, including, among other things, those described under Item 1A of the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on March 13, 2020 and under Part II, Item IA of the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, as amended, for the three-month period ended March 31, 2020 which can be accessed through the Company's website at www.ellingtonfinancial.com or at the SEC's website (www.sec.gov). Other risks, uncertainties, and factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected or implied may be described from time to time in reports the Company's files with the SEC, including reports on Forms 10-Q, 10-K and 8-K. The Company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise.
ELLINGTON FINANCIAL INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS
|Three-Month Period Ended||Year Ended December 31, 2020|
|December 31, 2020||September 30, 2020|
|(In thousands, except per share amounts)|
|NET INTEREST INCOME |
|Interest income||$||39,067 ||$||43,075 ||$||173,531 |
|Total net interest income||27,115 ||30,138 ||111,866 |
|Other Income (Loss)|
|Realized gains (losses) on securities and loans, net||(3,625)||1,446 ||(5,960)|
|Realized gains (losses) on financial derivatives, net||(5,820)||(1,620)||(31,521)|
|Realized gains (losses) on real estate owned, net||(106)||(18)||15 |
|Unrealized gains (losses) on securities and loans, net||39,635 ||24,208 ||(25,783)|
|Unrealized gains (losses) on financial derivatives, net||3,098 ||(298)||989 |
|Unrealized gains (losses) on real estate owned, net||(186)||122 ||(649)|
|Total other income (loss)||32,201 ||21,093 ||(65,207)|
|Base management fee to affiliate (Net of fee rebates of $198, $201, and $1,051, respectively)||3,178 ||2,981 ||11,508 |
|Incentive fee to affiliate||— ||— ||— |
|Investment related expenses:|
|Servicing expense||1,736 ||2,379 ||9,139 |
Debt issuance costs related to Other secured borrowings, at fair value
|1,819 ||— ||3,894 |
|Other||1,782 ||1,199 ||5,111 |
|Professional fees||1,186 ||1,209 ||5,005 |
|Compensation expense||962 ||1,085 ||3,776 |
|Other expenses||1,531 ||1,625 ||6,405 |
|Total expenses||12,194 ||10,478 ||44,838 |
Net Income (Loss) before Income Tax Expense (Benefit) and Earnings from Investments in Unconsolidated Entities
|47,122 ||40,753 ||1,821 |
|Income tax expense (benefit)||7,888 ||2,494 ||11,377 |
|Earnings (losses) from investments in unconsolidated entities||27,344 ||11,443 ||37,933 |
|Net Income (Loss)||66,578 ||49,702 ||28,377 |
|Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Non-Controlling Interests||1,475 ||1,559 ||3,369 |
|Dividends on Preferred Stock||1,941 ||1,940 ||7,763 |
|Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Common Stockholders||$||63,162 ||$||46,203 ||$||17,245 |
|Net Income (Loss) per Common Share:|
|Basic and Diluted||$||1.44 ||$||1.06 ||$||0.39 |
|Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding||43,782 ||43,779 ||43,486 |
Weighted average shares of common stock and convertible units outstanding
|44,415 ||44,392 ||44,122 |
ELLINGTON FINANCIAL INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET
|(In thousands, except share amounts)||December 31, 2020||September 30, 2020|
December 31, 2019(1)
|Cash and cash equivalents||$||111,647 ||$||126,783 ||$||72,302 |
|Restricted cash||175 ||175 ||175 |
|Securities, at fair value||1,514,185 ||1,451,420 ||2,449,941 |
|Loans, at fair value||1,453,480 ||1,442,612 ||1,412,426 |
|Investments in unconsolidated entities, at fair value||141,620 ||95,803 ||71,850 |
|Real estate owned||23,598 ||24,794 ||30,584 |
|Financial derivatives–assets, at fair value ||15,479 ||27,864 ||16,788 |
|Reverse repurchase agreements||38,640 ||47,041 ||73,639 |
|Due from brokers||63,147 ||63,991 ||79,829 |
|Investment related receivables||49,317 ||67,540 ||123,120 |
|Other assets||2,575 ||2,850 ||7,563 |
|Total Assets||$||3,413,863 ||$||3,350,873 ||$||4,338,217 |
|Securities sold short, at fair value||$||38,642 ||$||51,493 ||$||73,409 |
|Repurchase agreements||1,496,931 ||1,439,984 ||2,445,300 |
|Financial derivatives–liabilities, at fair value ||24,553 ||34,814 ||27,621 |
|Due to brokers||5,059 ||7,147 ||2,197 |
|Investment related payables||4,754 ||— ||66,133 |
|Other secured borrowings||51,062 ||142,674 ||150,334 |
|Other secured borrowings, at fair value||754,921 ||695,516 ||594,396 |
|Senior notes, net||85,561 ||85,495 ||85,298 |
|Base management fee payable to affiliate||3,178 ||2,981 ||2,663 |
|Incentive fee payable to affiliate||— ||— ||116 |
|Dividend payable ||5,738 ||5,299 ||6,978 |
|Interest payable||3,233 ||2,074 ||7,320 |
|Accrued expenses and other liabilities||18,659 ||11,119 ||7,753 |
|Total Liabilities||2,492,291 ||2,478,596 ||3,469,518 |
Preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share, 100,000,000 shares authorized;
6.750% Series A Fixed-to-Floating Rate Cumulative Redeemable; 4,600,000 shares issued and outstanding, respectively ($115,000 liquidation preference)
|111,034 ||111,034 ||111,034 |
Common stock, par value $0.001 per share, 100,000,000 shares authorized;
(43,781,684, 43,781,684, and 38,647,943 shares issued and outstanding, respectively)
|44 ||44 ||39 |
|Additional paid-in-capital||915,658 ||916,038 ||821,747 |
|Retained earnings (accumulated deficit)||(141,521)||(191,986)||(103,555)|
|Total Stockholders' Equity ||885,215 ||835,130 ||829,265 |
|Non-controlling interests||36,357 ||37,147 ||39,434 |
|Total Equity||921,572 ||872,277 ||868,699 |
|TOTAL LIABILITIES AND EQUITY||$||3,413.863 ||$||3,350,873 ||$||4,338,217 |
|SUPPLEMENTAL PER SHARE INFORMATION:|
Book Value Per Common Share(2)
|$||17.59 ||$||16.45 ||$||18.48 |
(1)Derived from audited financial statements as of December 31, 2019.
(2)Based on total stockholders' equity less the aggregate liquidation preference of the Company's preferred stock outstanding.
Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to Core Earnings
The Company calculates Core Earnings as U.S. GAAP net income (loss) as adjusted for: (i) realized and unrealized gain (loss) on securities and loans, REO, financial derivatives (excluding periodic settlements on interest rate swaps), other secured borrowings, at fair value, and foreign currency transactions; (ii) incentive fee to affiliate; (iii) Catch-up Premium Amortization Adjustment (as defined below); (iv) non-cash equity compensation expense; (v) provision for income taxes; and (vi) certain other income or loss items that are of a non-recurring nature. For certain investments in unconsolidated entities, the Company includes the relevant components of net operating income in Core Earnings. The Catch-up Premium Amortization Adjustment is a quarterly adjustment to premium amortization triggered by changes in actual and projected prepayments on the Company's Agency RMBS (accompanied by a corresponding offsetting adjustment to realized and unrealized gains and losses). The adjustment is calculated as of the beginning of each quarter based on the Company's then-current assumptions about cashflows and prepayments, and can vary significantly from quarter to quarter.
Core Earnings is a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure. The Company believes that the presentation of Core Earnings provides a consistent measure of operating performance by excluding the impact of gains and losses and other adjustments listed above from operating results. The Company believes that Core Earnings provides information useful to investors because it is a metric that the Company uses to assess its performance and to evaluate the effective net yield provided by its portfolio. In addition, the Company believes that presenting Core Earnings enables its investors to measure, evaluate, and compare its operating performance to that of its peers. However, because Core Earnings is an incomplete measure of the Company's financial results and differs from net income (loss) computed in accordance with U.S. GAAP, it should be considered supplementary to, and not as a substitute for, net income (loss) computed in accordance with U.S. GAAP.
The following table reconciles, for the three-month period and year ended December 31, 2020 and the three-month period ended September 30, 2020, the Company's Core Earnings to the line on the Company's Consolidated Statement of Operations entitled Net Income (Loss), which the Company believes is the most directly comparable U.S. GAAP measure:
|Three-Month Period Ended||Year Ended December 31, 2020|
|(In thousands, except per share amounts)||December 31, 2020||September 30, 2020|
|Net Income (Loss)||$||66,578 ||$||49,702 ||$||28,377 |
|Income tax expense (benefit)||7,888 ||2,494 ||11,377 |
|Net income (loss) before income tax expense||74,466 ||52,196 ||39,754 |
|Realized (gains) losses on securities and loans, net||3,625 ||(1,446)||5,960 |
|Realized (gains) losses on financial derivatives, net||5,820 ||1,620 ||31,521 |
|Realized (gains) losses on real estate owned, net||106 ||18 ||(15)|
|Unrealized (gains) losses on securities and loans, net||(39,635)||(24,208)||25,783 |
|Unrealized (gains) losses on financial derivatives, net||(3,098)||298 ||(989)|
|Unrealized (gains) losses on real estate owned, net||186 ||(122)||649 |
Other realized and unrealized (gains) losses, net(1)
|1,854 ||4,217 ||7,703 |
Net realized gains (losses) on periodic settlements of interest rate swaps
|Net unrealized gains (losses) on accrued periodic settlements of interest rate swaps||(322)||516 ||219 |
|Non-cash equity compensation expense||190 ||186 ||722 |
Negative (positive) component of interest income represented by Catch-up Premium Amortization Adjustment
|83 ||(319)||4,523 |
|Debt issuance costs related to Other secured borrowings, at fair value||1,819 ||— ||3,894 |
|Deferred offering costs expensed||31 ||143 ||174 |
(Earnings) losses from investments in unconsolidated entities(2)
|Total Core Earnings||$||18,810 ||$||21,054 ||$||83,196 |
|Dividends on preferred stock||1,941 ||1,940 ||7,763 |
|Core Earnings attributable to non-controlling interests||849 ||1,148 ||4,532 |
|Core Earnings Attributable to Common Stockholders||$||16,020 ||$||17,966 ||$||70,901 |
|Core Earnings Attributable to Common Stockholders, per share||$||0.37 ||$||0.41 ||$||1.63 |
(1)Includes realized and unrealized gains (losses) on foreign currency and unrealized gain (loss) on other secured borrowings, at fair value, included in Other, net, on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations.
(2)Adjustment represents, for certain investments in unconsolidated entities, the net realized and unrealized gains and losses of the underlying investments of such entities.