SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported): November 5, 2020
ELLINGTON FINANCIAL INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
(State or other jurisdiction
|(Commission File Number)||(IRS Employer Identification No.)|
53 Forest Avenue
Old Greenwich, CT 06870
(Address and zip code of principal executive offices)
Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (203) 698-1200
(Former Name or Address, if Changed Since Last Report)
Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:
|☐||Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)|
|☐||Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)|
|☐||Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))|
|☐||Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))|
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
|Title of Each Class||Trading Symbol(s)||Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered|
Common Stock, $0.001 par value per share
|The New York Stock Exchange|
6.750% Series A Fixed-to-Floating Rate Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock
EFC PR A
The New York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§ 230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§ 240.12b-2 of this chapter).
Emerging growth company ☐
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
|Item 2.02.||Results of Operations and Financial Condition.|
The information in this Item 2.02 and the disclosure incorporated by reference in Item 7.01 with respect to Exhibit 99.1 attached to this Current Report on Form 8-K are being furnished by Ellington Financial Inc. (the "Company") pursuant to Item 7.01 of Form 8-K in satisfaction of the public disclosure requirements of Regulation FD and Item 2.02 of Form 8-K, insofar as they disclose historical information regarding the Company's results of operations or financial condition for the quarter ended September 30, 2020.
On November 5, 2020, the Company issued a press release announcing its financial results for the quarter ended September 30, 2020. A copy of the press release is furnished herewith as Exhibit 99.1 to this Current Report on Form 8-K and is incorporated herein by reference.
In accordance with General Instructions B.2 and B.6 of Form 8-K, the information included in Item 2.02 and the disclosure incorporated by reference in Item 7.01 shall not be deemed "filed" for the purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"), or otherwise subject to the liabilities of that section, nor shall it be deemed incorporated by reference into any filing made by the Company under the Exchange Act or the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, except as shall be expressly set forth by specific reference in such a filing.
|Item 7.01.||Regulation FD Disclosure.|
The disclosure contained in Items 2.02 is incorporated herein by reference.
|Item 9.01.||Financial Statements and Exhibits.|
(d) Exhibits. The following exhibits are being furnished herewith this Current Report on Form 8-K.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
| || || ||ELLINGTON FINANCIAL INC.|
|Date: ||November 5, 2020|| ||By:|| ||/s/ JR Herlihy|
| || || ||JR Herlihy|
| || || ||Chief Financial Officer|
Ellington Financial Inc. Reports Third Quarter 2020 Results
OLD GREENWICH, Connecticut—November 5, 2020
Ellington Financial Inc. (NYSE: EFC) (the "Company") today reported financial results for the quarter ended September 30, 2020.
•Net income of $46.2 million, or $1.06 per common share.
•Core Earnings1 of $18.0 million, or $0.41 per share.
•Book value per common share as of September 30, 2020 of $16.45, including the effects of dividends of $0.27 per common share for the quarter.
•Credit strategy gross income of $52.0 million for the quarter, or $1.17 per share.
•Agency strategy gross income of $7.1 million for the quarter, or $0.17 per share.
•Dividend yield of 9.3% based on the November 4, 2020 closing stock price of $12.92 per share, and dividend of $0.10 per common share declared on November 2, 2020.
•Debt-to-equity ratio of 2.7:1 and recourse debt-to-equity ratio of 1.7:12 as of September 30, 2020.
•Cash and cash equivalents of $126.8 million as of September 30, 2020, in addition to other unencumbered assets of $305.8 million.
Third Quarter 2020 Results
"Ellington Financial had a very strong third quarter. We generated net income of $1.06 per share, Core Earnings of $0.41 per share, and a non-annualized quarterly economic return of 6.7%," said Laurence Penn, Chief Executive Officer and President. "Earlier this week, our Board of Directors increased our monthly dividend for the second time this year, and given that our third quarter core earnings still comfortably exceeded this higher dividend run rate, we should have ample room for additional dividend growth from here.
"During the third quarter, we were able to grow core earnings and book value significantly even as we intentionally kept our leverage relatively low. With the economy still struggling from the pandemic, and with a presidential election approaching, we believed that a more conservative positioning during the quarter was warranted. Of course, market volatility has picked up recently, and we believe that we are well prepared not only to withstand any additional shocks, but also to capitalize on new opportunities that could arise.
"Ellington Financial's loan origination businesses drove the quarter's results. In non-QM, LendSure's monthly origination volumes are now back to pre-COVID levels. Just last week we closed our second non-QM securitization of the year, with the tightest post-COVID spreads in the sector to date. Meanwhile, Longbridge had another excellent quarter, as the reverse mortgage sector continued its strong performance. Overall, we benefited from excellent performance from both our Agency portfolio and our credit portfolio, including our various loan portfolios, which not only exhibited resilient credit performance and generated strong ROEs, but also continued to return capital quickly for redeployment.
"We continue to extend and improve our sources of financing and leverage. In addition to closing the non-QM securitization, we also priced a securitization of consumer loans last week, adding another source of term, non-mark-to-market financing. We also added a new financing facility for our residential loans strategies during the third quarter.
"Moving into the final weeks of the year, our focus continues to be on disciplined hedging and risk management, as well as on growing our loan origination businesses. Given the tremendous recent flow of public capital into loan originators, at premium valuations, we believe that Ellington Financial's origination capabilities are undervalued by the market and represent upside to the stock. At the same time, the steady flow of loan originations from our proprietary pipelines has been a key driver of our portfolio growth and core earnings growth, and we believe this flow will continue to drive our growth going forward. We leverage Ellington's core strengths of data analysis and modeling to help shape the underwriting criteria of the loans that we and our partners originate, and as such, these pipelines enable us to manufacture and control our own sources of return, rather than merely relying on whatever the securities markets have to offer. Given the low interest-rate environment and macroeconomic uncertainty, we believe that these pipelines are as important today as ever."
1 Core Earnings is a non-GAAP financial measure. See "Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to Core Earnings" below for an explanation regarding the calculation of Core Earnings.
2 Excludes repo borrowings at certain unconsolidated entities that are recourse to us. Including such borrowings, the Company's debt-to-equity ratio based on total recourse borrowings was 1.7:1 as of September 30, 2020.
Following its substantial suspension and then full resumption of new credit investments earlier in the year, and with its level of investment activity fully restored throughout the third quarter, the Company's total long credit portfolio3 increased approximately 12% in the third quarter, to $1.405 billion from $1.257 billion, driven by non-QM loan originations and purchases of CMBS and single-family-rental RMBS, partially offset by asset resolutions and net paydowns in the Company's small balance commercial mortgage, consumer loan, and residential transition loan portfolios.
The Company's total long Agency RMBS portfolio increased slightly to $919.9 million as of September 30, 2020, from $913.2 million as of June 30, 2020.
The Company's debt-to-equity ratio was essentially unchanged at 2.7:1 as of September 30, 2020, as compared to June 30, 2020, adjusting for unsettled purchases and sales, as the Company's equity increased in proportion to the larger size of its portfolio. The Company's recourse debt-to-equity ratio, adjusted for unsettled purchases and sales, did increase over the course of the quarter, however, to 1.7:1 from 1.5:1, driven by increased recourse borrowings related to the Company's larger non-QM loan holdings, which were roughly equal in size to principal repayments made by the Company on certain of its non-recourse borrowings. As of September 30, 2020, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $126.8 million, along with other unencumbered assets of $305.8 million.
During the third quarter, the Company's credit strategy generated total gross income of $52.0 million, or $1.17 per share, and its Agency strategy generated total gross income of $7.1 million, or $0.17 per share.
In the Company's credit portfolio, net interest income4 increased quarter over quarter, driven by a larger portfolio and lower financing costs, and the Company also had significant net realized and unrealized gains. Each of the Company's credit strategies contributed positively to results during the third quarter. Prices increased for the Company's non-QM loans, CMBS, CLO, and non-Agency RMBS holdings, as liquidity continued to improve in these markets. The Company's small balance commercial mortgage loan, consumer loan, and residential transition mortgage loan portfolios also performed well, and each experienced significant principal repayments. The Company also benefited from extremely strong results for the quarter from its investments in loan originators. Finally, with the strong performance of many credit sectors in the third quarter, the Company's credit hedges detracted from performance.
The Company's Agency strategy performed well during the quarter, driven by increased net interest income and strong performance from its specified pools. During the quarter, mortgage rates declined further and actual and expected prepayment rates rose, which benefited pay-ups on the Company's prepayment-protected specified pools. Average pay-ups on the Company's specified pools actually declined overall to 2.25% as of September 30, 2020, from 2.39%5 as of June 30, 2020, but this decrease only occurred because the Company's specified pool purchases during the quarter were primarily of low-pay-up specified pools. Pay-ups are price premiums for specified pools relative to their TBA counterparts.
During the quarter, the Company also increased its holdings of long TBAs held for investment, which it concentrated in current coupon production. These investments performed well, driven by Federal Reserve purchasing activity. Also during the quarter, the Company continued to hedge interest rate risk, through the use of interest rate swaps, and short positions in TBAs, U.S. Treasury securities, and futures.
The following table summarizes the Company's investment portfolio(1) holdings as of September 30, 2020 and June 30, 2020:
3 Includes REO at the lower of cost or fair value. Excludes hedges and other derivative positions, as well as tranches of the Company's consolidated non-QM securitization trusts that were sold to third parties, but that are consolidated for U.S. GAAP reporting purposes. Including such tranches, the Company's total long credit portfolio was $2.095 billion and $1.996 billion, as of September 30, 2020 and June 30, 2020, respectively.
4 Excludes any interest income and interest expense items from Interest rate hedges, net and Credit hedges and other activities, net.
5 Conformed to current period calculation methodology.
|(In thousands)||September 30, 2020||June 30, 2020|
|$||165,954 ||$||156,158 |
|CMBS||105,015 ||77,815 |
Commercial Mortgage Loans and REO(3)(4)
|304,698 ||337,265 |
Consumer Loans and ABS backed by Consumer Loans(2)
|200,857 ||216,289 |
|Corporate Debt and Equity and Corporate Loans||10,257 ||9,237 |
|Equity Investments in Loan Origination Entities||57,009 ||44,277 |
|Non-Agency RMBS||166,787 ||154,928 |
Residential Mortgage Loans and REO(3)
|1,033,481 ||950,565 |
|2,693 ||2,583 |
|Consumer Loans and ABS backed by Consumer Loans||333 ||395 |
|Corporate Debt and Equity||27 ||25 |
|47,663 ||46,722 |
|Fixed-Rate Specified Pools||756,580 ||724,756 |
|Floating-Rate Specified Pools||7,046 ||7,899 |
|IOs||51,705 ||49,007 |
|Reverse Mortgage Pools||104,524 ||131,535 |
|Total Long||$||3,014,629 ||$||2,909,456 |
|Corporate Debt and Equity||$||(461)||$||(459)|
(1)This information does not include financial derivatives.
(2)Includes equity investments in securitization-related vehicles.
(3)In accordance with U.S. GAAP, REO is not considered a financial instrument and as a result is included at the lower of cost or fair value.
(4)Includes equity investments in unconsolidated entities holding small balance commercial mortgage loans and REO.
(5)Includes an equity investment in an unconsolidated entity holding European RMBS.
The following table summarizes the Company's operating results for the three-month periods ended September 30, 2020 and June 30, 2020 and the nine-month period ended September 30, 2020:
|Three-Month Period Ended |
September 30, 2020
|Per Share||Three-Month Period Ended |
June 30, 2020
|Per Share||Nine-Month Period Ended |
September 30, 2020
|(In thousands, except per share amounts)|
Interest income and other income(1)
|$||37,764 ||$||0.85 ||$||36,573 ||$||0.82 ||$||116,177 ||$||2.64 |
|Realized gain (loss), net||(645)||(0.01)||(20,276)||(0.46)||(10,474)||(0.24)|
|Unrealized gain (loss), net||26,802 ||0.60 ||34,271 ||0.78 ||(85,592)||(1.94)|
Interest rate hedges, net(2)
|(21)||— ||71 ||— ||(7,957)||(0.18)|
Credit hedges and other activities, net(3)
|(7,944)||(0.18)||(5,197)||(0.12)||6,074 ||0.14 |
|Other investment related expenses||(3,578)||(0.08)||(5,275)||(0.12)||(12,805)||(0.29)|
Earnings (losses) from investments in unconsolidated entities
|11,443 ||0.26 ||5,643 ||0.13 ||10,590 ||0.24 |
Total Credit profit (loss)
|51,955 ||1.17 ||33,696 ||0.76 ||(21,194)||(0.48)|
|Interest income||6,663 ||0.15 ||3,385 ||0.08 ||22,115 ||0.50 |
|Realized gain (loss), net||2,062 ||0.05 ||4,059 ||0.09 ||12,529 ||0.28 |
|Unrealized gain (loss), net||(2,276)||(0.05)||9,753 ||0.22 ||19,759 ||0.45 |
Interest rate hedges and other activities, net(2)
|1,748 ||0.04 ||178 ||— ||(36,473)||(0.83)|
|Total Agency RMBS profit (loss)||7,140 ||0.17 ||14,876 ||0.33 ||5,954 ||0.13 |
Total Credit and Agency RMBS profit (loss)
|59,095 ||1.34 ||48,572 ||1.09 ||(15,240)||(0.35)|
|Other interest income (expense), net||1 ||— ||86 ||— ||367 ||0.01 |
|Income tax (expense) benefit||(2,494)||(0.06)||(1,542)||(0.03)||(3,490)||(0.08)|
Net income (loss) (before incentive fee)
|49,702 ||1.12 ||40,439 ||0.91 ||(38,201)||(0.87)|
|Incentive fee||— ||— ||— ||— ||— ||— |
Net income (loss)
|$||49,702 ||$||1.12 ||$||40,439 ||$||0.91 ||$||(38,201)||$||(0.87)|
Less: Dividends on preferred stock
|1,940 ||0.04 ||1,941 ||0.04 ||5,822 ||0.13 |
Less: Net income (loss) attributable to non-participating non-controlling interests
|912 ||0.02 ||701 ||0.02 ||2,810 ||0.06 |
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders and participating non-controlling interests
|46,850 ||1.06 ||37,797 ||0.85 ||(46,833)||(1.06)|
Less: Net income (loss) attributable to participating non-controlling interests
|647 ||519 ||(916)|
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders
|$||46,203 ||$||1.06 ||$||37,278 ||$||0.85 ||$||(45,917)||$||(1.06)|
Weighted average shares of common stock and convertible units(5) outstanding
|44,392 ||44,389 ||44,023 |
Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding
|43,779 ||43,780 ||43,387 |
(1)Other income primarily consists of rental income on real estate owned and loan origination fees.
(2)Includes U.S. Treasury securities, if applicable.
(3)Other activities include certain equity and other trading strategies and related hedges, and net realized and unrealized gains (losses) on foreign currency.
(4)Includes allocable portion of interest expense on the Company's Senior notes.
(5)Convertible units include Operating Partnership units attributable to participating non-controlling interests.
About Ellington Financial
Ellington Financial invests in a diverse array of financial assets, including residential and commercial mortgage loans, residential and commercial mortgage-backed securities, consumer loans and asset-backed securities backed by consumer loans, collateralized loan obligations, non-mortgage and mortgage-related derivatives, equity investments in loan origination companies, and other strategic investments. Ellington Financial is externally managed and advised by Ellington Financial Management LLC, an affiliate of Ellington Management Group, L.L.C.
The Company will host a conference call at 11:00 a.m. Eastern Time on Friday, November 6, 2020, to discuss its financial results for the quarter ended September 30, 2020. To participate in the event by telephone, please dial (877) 241-1233 at least 10 minutes prior to the start time and reference the conference ID number 2494293. International callers should dial (810) 740-4657 and reference the same conference ID number. The conference call will also be webcast live over the Internet and can be accessed via the "For Our Shareholders" section of the Company's web site at www.ellingtonfinancial.com. To listen to the live webcast, please visit www.ellingtonfinancial.com at least 15 minutes prior to the start of the call to register, download, and install necessary audio software. In connection with the release of these financial results, the Company also posted an investor presentation, that will accompany the conference call, on its website at www.ellingtonfinancial.com under "For Our Shareholders—Presentations."
A dial-in replay of the conference call will be available on Friday, November 6, 2020, at approximately 2:15 p.m. Eastern Time through Friday, November 20, 2020 at approximately 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time. To access this replay, please dial (800) 585-8367 and enter the conference ID number 2494293. International callers should dial (404) 537-3406 and enter the same conference ID number. A replay of the conference call will also be archived on the Company's web site at www.ellingtonfinancial.com.
Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements involve numerous risks and uncertainties. Actual results may differ from the Company's beliefs, expectations, estimates, and projections and, consequently, you should not rely on these forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. Forward-looking statements are not historical in nature and can be identified by words such as "believe," "expect," "anticipate," "estimate," "project," "plan," "continue," "intend," "should," "would," "could," "goal," "objective," "will," "may," "seek," or similar expressions or their negative forms, or by references to strategy, plans, or intentions. Examples of forward-looking statements in this press release include without limitation management's beliefs regarding the current economic and investment environment and the Company's ability to implement its investment and hedging strategies, performance of the Company's investment and hedging strategies, the Company's exposure to prepayment risk in its Agency portfolio, and statements regarding the drivers of the Company's returns. The Company's results can fluctuate from month to month and from quarter to quarter depending on a variety of factors, some of which are beyond the Company's control and/or are difficult to predict, including, without limitation, changes in interest rates and the market value of the Company's securities, changes in mortgage default rates and prepayment rates, the Company's ability to borrow to finance its assets, changes in government regulations affecting the Company's business, the Company's ability to maintain its exclusion from registration under the Investment Company Act of 1940; the Company's ability to qualify and maintain its qualification as a real estate investment trust, or "REIT"; and other changes in market conditions and economic trends, including changes resulting from the ongoing spread and economic effects of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19). Furthermore, forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties, including, among other things, those described under Item 1A of the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on March 13, 2020 and under Part II, Item IA of the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, as amended, for the three-month period ended March 31, 2020 which can be accessed through the Company's website at www.ellingtonfinancial.com or at the SEC's website (www.sec.gov). Other risks, uncertainties, and factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected or implied may be described from time to time in reports the Company's files with the SEC, including reports on Forms 10-Q, 10-K and 8-K. The Company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise.
ELLINGTON FINANCIAL INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS
|Three-Month Period Ended||Nine-Month Period Ended September 30, 2020|
|September 30, 2020||June 30, 2020|
|(In thousands, except per share amounts)|
|NET INTEREST INCOME |
|Interest income||$||43,075 ||$||39,281 ||$||134,463 |
|Total net interest income||30,138 ||24,595 ||84,750 |
|Other Income (Loss)|
|Realized gains (losses) on securities and loans, net||1,446 ||(16,040)||(2,335)|
|Realized gains (losses) on financial derivatives, net||(1,620)||(11,676)||(25,702)|
|Realized gains (losses) on real estate owned, net||(18)||(211)||121 |
|Unrealized gains (losses) on securities and loans, net||24,208 ||44,112 ||(65,418)|
|Unrealized gains (losses) on financial derivatives, net||(298)||8,173 ||(2,109)|
|Unrealized gains (losses) on real estate owned, net||122 ||(228)||(462)|
|Total other income (loss)||21,093 ||23,695 ||(97,408)|
|Base management fee to affiliate (Net of fee rebates of $201, $145, and $853, respectively)||2,981 ||2,906 ||8,330 |
|Incentive fee to affiliate||— ||— ||— |
|Investment related expenses:|
|Servicing expense||2,379 ||2,493 ||7,402 |
Debt issuance costs related to Other secured borrowings, at fair value
|— ||2,075 ||2,075 |
|Other||1,199 ||707 ||3,328 |
|Professional fees||1,209 ||1,333 ||3,819 |
|Compensation expense||1,085 ||941 ||2,813 |
|Other expenses||1,625 ||1,497 ||4,876 |
|Total expenses||10,478 ||11,952 ||32,643 |
Net Income (Loss) before Income Tax Expense (Benefit) and Earnings from Investments in Unconsolidated Entities
|40,753 ||36,338 ||(45,301)|
|Income tax expense (benefit)||2,494 ||1,542 ||3,490 |
|Earnings (losses) from investments in unconsolidated entities||11,443 ||5,643 ||10,590 |
|Net Income (Loss)||49,702 ||40,439 ||(38,201)|
|Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Non-Controlling Interests||1,559 ||1,220 ||1,894 |
|Dividends on Preferred Stock||1,940 ||1,941 ||5,822 |
|Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Common Stockholders||$||46,203 ||$||37,278 ||$||(45,917)|
|Net Income (Loss) per Common Share:|
|Basic and Diluted||$||1.06 ||$||0.85 ||$||(1.06)|
|Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding||43,779 ||43,780 ||43,387 |
Weighted average shares of common stock and convertible units outstanding
|44,392 ||44,389 ||44,023 |
ELLINGTON FINANCIAL INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET
|(In thousands, except share amounts)||September 30, 2020||June 30, 2020|
December 31, 2019(1)
|Cash and cash equivalents||$||126,783 ||$||146,531 ||$||72,302 |
|Restricted cash||175 ||175 ||175 |
|Securities, at fair value||1,451,420 ||1,396,008 ||2,449,941 |
|Loans, at fair value||1,442,612 ||1,416,851 ||1,412,426 |
|Investments in unconsolidated entities, at fair value||95,803 ||72,553 ||71,850 |
|Real estate owned||24,794 ||24,044 ||30,584 |
|Financial derivatives–assets, at fair value ||27,864 ||27,186 ||16,788 |
|Reverse repurchase agreements||47,041 ||31,427 ||73,639 |
|Due from brokers||63,991 ||56,702 ||79,829 |
|Investment related receivables||67,540 ||62,098 ||123,120 |
|Other assets||2,850 ||3,276 ||7,563 |
|Total Assets||$||3,350,873 ||$||3,236,851 ||$||4,338,217 |
|Securities sold short, at fair value||$||51,493 ||$||31,471 ||$||73,409 |
|Repurchase agreements||1,439,984 ||1,294,549 ||2,445,300 |
|Financial derivatives–liabilities, at fair value ||34,814 ||34,863 ||27,621 |
|Due to brokers||7,147 ||11,266 ||2,197 |
|Investment related payables||— ||23,750 ||66,133 |
|Other secured borrowings||142,674 ||156,089 ||150,334 |
|Other secured borrowings, at fair value||695,516 ||742,688 ||594,396 |
|Senior notes, net||85,495 ||85,429 ||85,298 |
|Base management fee payable to affiliate||2,981 ||2,906 ||2,663 |
|Incentive fee payable to affiliate||— ||— ||116 |
|Dividend payable ||5,299 ||5,293 ||6,978 |
|Interest payable||2,074 ||3,138 ||7,320 |
|Accrued expenses and other liabilities||11,119 ||7,730 ||7,753 |
|Total Liabilities||2,478,596 ||2,399,172 ||3,469,518 |
Preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share, 100,000,000 shares authorized;
6.750% Series A Fixed-to-Floating Rate Cumulative Redeemable; 4,600,000 shares issued and outstanding, respectively ($115,000 liquidation preference)
|111,034 ||111,034 ||111,034 |
Common stock, par value $0.001 per share, 100,000,000 shares authorized;
(43,781,684, 43,779,924, and 38,647,943 shares issued and outstanding, respectively)
|44 ||44 ||39 |
|Additional paid-in-capital||916,038 ||916,186 ||821,747 |
|Retained earnings (accumulated deficit)||(191,986)||(226,368)||(103,555)|
|Total Stockholders' Equity ||835,130 ||800,896 ||829,265 |
|Non-controlling interests||37,147 ||36,783 ||39,434 |
|Total Equity||872,277 ||837,679 ||868,699 |
|TOTAL LIABILITIES AND EQUITY||$||3,350,873 ||$||3,236,851 ||$||4,338,217 |
|SUPPLEMENTAL PER SHARE INFORMATION:|
Book Value Per Common Share(2)
|$||16.45 ||$||15.67 ||$||18.48 |
1.Derived from audited financial statements as of December 31, 2019.
2.Based on total stockholders' equity less the aggregate liquidation preference of the Company's preferred stock outstanding.
Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to Core Earnings
The Company calculates Core Earnings as U.S. GAAP net income (loss) as adjusted for: (i) realized and unrealized gain (loss) on securities and loans, REO, financial derivatives (excluding periodic settlements on interest rate swaps), other secured borrowings, at fair value, and foreign currency transactions; (ii) incentive fee to affiliate; (iii) Catch-up Premium Amortization Adjustment (as defined below); (iv) non-cash equity compensation expense; (v) provision for income taxes; and (vi) certain other income or loss items that are of a non-recurring nature. For certain investments in unconsolidated entities, the Company includes the relevant components of net operating income in Core Earnings. The Catch-up Premium Amortization Adjustment is a quarterly adjustment to premium amortization triggered by changes in actual and projected prepayments on the Company's Agency RMBS (accompanied by a corresponding offsetting adjustment to realized and unrealized gains and losses). The adjustment is calculated as of the beginning of each quarter based on the Company's then-current assumptions about cashflows and prepayments, and can vary significantly from quarter to quarter.
Core Earnings is a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure. The Company believes that the presentation of Core Earnings provides a consistent measure of operating performance by excluding the impact of gains and losses and other adjustments listed above from operating results. The Company believes that Core Earnings provides information useful to investors because it is a metric that the Company uses to assess its performance and to evaluate the effective net yield provided by its portfolio. In addition, the Company believes that presenting Core Earnings enables its investors to measure, evaluate, and compare its operating performance to that of its peers. However, because Core Earnings is an incomplete measure of the Company's financial results and differs from net income (loss) computed in accordance with U.S. GAAP, it should be considered supplementary to, and not as a substitute for, net income (loss) computed in accordance with U.S. GAAP.
The following table reconciles, for the three- and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2020 and the three-month period ended June 30, 2020, the Company's Core Earnings to the line on the Company's Consolidated Statement of Operations entitled Net Income (Loss), which the Company believes is the most directly comparable U.S. GAAP measure:
|Three-Month Period Ended||Nine-Month Period Ended September 30, 2020|
|(In thousands, except per share amounts)||September 30, 2020||June 30, 2020|
|Net Income (Loss)||$||49,702 ||$||40,439 ||$||(38,201)|
|Income tax expense (benefit)||2,494 ||1,542 ||3,490 |
|Net income (loss) before income tax expense||52,196 ||41,981 ||(34,711)|
|Realized (gains) losses on securities and loans, net||(1,446)||16,040 ||2,335 |
|Realized (gains) losses on financial derivatives, net||1,620 ||11,676 ||25,702 |
|Realized (gains) losses on real estate owned, net||18 ||211 ||(121)|
|Unrealized (gains) losses on securities and loans, net||(24,208)||(44,112)||65,418 |
|Unrealized (gains) losses on financial derivatives, net||298 ||(8,173)||2,109 |
|Unrealized (gains) losses on real estate owned, net||(122)||228 ||462 |
Other realized and unrealized (gains) losses, net(1)
|4,217 ||1,302 ||5,850 |
Net realized gains (losses) on periodic settlements of interest rate swaps
|Net unrealized gains (losses) on accrued periodic settlements of interest rate swaps||516 ||136 ||541 |
|Non-cash equity compensation expense||186 ||182 ||532 |
Negative (positive) component of interest income represented by Catch-up Premium Amortization Adjustment
|(319)||3,648 ||4,440 |
|Debt issuance costs related to Other secured borrowings, at fair value||— ||2,075 ||2,075 |
|Deferred offering costs expensed||143 ||— ||143 |
(Earnings) losses from investments in unconsolidated entities(2)
|Total Core Earnings||$||21,054 ||$||20,075 ||$||64,386 |
|Dividends on preferred stock||1,940 ||1,941 ||5,822 |
|Core Earnings attributable to non-controlling interests||1,148 ||1,012 ||3,683 |
|Core Earnings Attributable to Common Stockholders||$||17,966 ||$||17,122 ||$||54,881 |
|Core Earnings Attributable to Common Stockholders, per share||$||0.41 ||$||0.39 ||$||1.26 |
(1)Includes realized and unrealized gains (losses) on foreign currency and unrealized gain (loss) on other secured borrowings, at fair value, included in Other, net, on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations.
(2)Adjustment represents, for certain investments in unconsolidated entities, the net realized and unrealized gains and losses of the underlying investments of such entities.